Jasmine C. Jackson is a rising Senior Political Science Major at Jackson State University. A Dean’s List scholar, her research interests focuses on controversial political issues that plague minority communities and the effect these issues have on societal placement. Last summer, Jasmine had the privilege of working with Dr. Geoff Ward at the University of California at Irvine on a research that examines historical racial violence. She has vast research experience and has presented at the various conferences, such as, the Pi Sigma Alpha Student conference, the Southern Political Science Association conference in Puerto Rico, and the University of Michigan’s Emerging Scholars Conference. In the future, she hopes to earn a Doctoral degree in Political Science and teach on the collegiate level.
Theme Panel: The 2015 Terror Attacks in Paris and the French Response
Sun, September 4, 8:00 AM to 9:30 AM
Place: Loews, Commonwealth D
One of the Great Transformations of our time has been the changing religious, racial, and ethnic makeup of Europe. The increase in the number of Muslims in Europe, and the ways in which Europeans and their leaders have responded to their changing citizenry, have raised a number of fundamental political questions. The demands of secularism, the limits of individual freedom, and the nature of integration and national identity have all been brought into the limelight for questioning by the general public and academics alike.
This has especially been the case as global attention has turned to Islamic terrorism in the wake of September 11. One of the aims of political science, however, is to bring to the discussion of such attacks a theoretical lens and wider analytical angle, one that incorporates such factors as political institutions, national contexts, historical precedents, and political behavior.
This panel brings together a series of papers that seek to do exactly that.
The year 2015 saw two attacks in and around Paris: the assaults on the offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket, accompanied by shootings near and around Paris; and the coordinated attacks of November 13 that lead the government to declare a lengthy, three-month state of emergency. France is home to the greatest number of Muslims in Europe, and some studies claim that they are the most well “integrated” of all European Muslims. That the attackers were Muslim, however, has only compounded longstanding anxieties and uncertainties about France’s Muslim population.
Jennifer Fredette, Ohio University
- What Triggers Authoritarian Shifts? French Public Opinion & Terrorism, 1995-2015
Vincent Tiberj, Sciences Po
- Charlie Hebdo, Republican Secularism and Islamophobia
Aaron Winter, University of Abertay Dundee
Aurelien Mondon, University of Bath
- The Paris Attacks—Terrorist Events, Emotional Reactions, Political Participation
Martial Foucault, Sciences Po Paris
George E. Marcus, Williams College
Pavlos Vasilopoulos, CEVIPOF
- Muslims in Europe and the US: Drivers of Integration beyond Resource Determinism
Justin Gest, George Mason University
- Laîcité through Nonwestern Lenses—Comparing State Efforts to Incorporate Muslims
Brandon T. Kendhammer, Ohio University
Jennifer Fredette, Ohio University
Quitting Work but Not the Job: Liberty and the Right to Strike
Alex Gourevitch, Assistant Professor of Political Science at Brown University
Abstract: The right to strike is everywhere recognized but appears unjustifiable. Strikers refuse to work but they claim a right to the job. This sounds like illiberal privilege, or at least it cannot be a coercively enforceable claim. I argue, however, that the right to strike is justified as a way of resisting intertwined forms of structural and personal domination associated with the modern labor market. Workers are structurally dominated insofar as being forced to make a contract with some employer or another leaves them vulnerable to exploitation. They are personally dominated insofar as they are required to submit to the arbitrary authority of managers in the workplace, which deepens their potential exploitation. Strikes contest this domination by reversing the relationship of power. Workers can formally quit the job but they can’t quit work, so strikers quit working but don’t quit the job.
Perspectives on Politics / Volume 14 / Issue 02 / June 2016, pp 307 – 323 / Copyright © American Political Science Association 2016
Continuing its longstanding investment in scholarly research, Carnegie Corporation of New York established the Andrew Carnegie Fellows Program in 2015 to provide a major boost to the social sciences and humanities. Each year, the Corporation provides more than 30 of the country’s most creative thinkers with grants of up to $200,000 each to support research on challenges to democracy and international order.
Carnegie Fellow Matthew Fuhrmann is an associate professor of political science and Ray A. Rothrock `77 Fellow at Texas A&M University. He is the author of Atomic Assistance: How “Atoms for Peace” Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity (Cornell University Press, 2012) and the coauthor of Nuclear Weapons and Coercive Diplomacy (Cambridge University Press, 2016). His work has been published or is forthcoming in peer reviewed journals such as American Journal of Political Science, British Journal of Political Science, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, and Journal of Politics. He has also written opinion pieces for The Atlantic (online), The Christian Science Monitor, Slate, and USA Today.
How has the Carnegie Fellows Program impacted your research and overall career?
Fuhrmann: I am grateful to the Carnegie Corporation of New York for establishing this program, and I am deeply honored to be named one of the 2016 fellows. The Andrew Carnegie Fellowship provides me with a wonderful opportunity to step back and think about pressing global challenges. During my time as a Carnegie Fellow, I will be working on a new project about nuclear technology and international security.
What topics in research do you primarily focus on? How can people access your work?
Fuhrmann: My research addresses the role of military power in international politics, focusing on two main questions: How and why do military technologies spread internationally? What effect does the global diffusion of military power have on the way that countries behave? I have examined these questions mostly in the context of nuclear weapons, but I am now focusing on “drones” and other emerging technologies.
More information about my work is available on my website. You can follow me on Twitter @mcfuhrmann.
What would be one piece of advice you would give aspiring social science and humanities students?
Fuhrmann: Be intellectually curious and question the conventional wisdom; try and explain things that you find puzzling and that carry real-world implications.
Read more here about Matthew Fuhrmann’s work.
Theme Panel: Theory Meets Crisis: What does the Eurocrisis Say to Comparative Politics?
This panel invites leading scholars in comparative political economy to reflect on the theoretical fallout of the Eurocrisis. The papers on this panel engage varieties of capitalism; the politics of redistribution; theories of European integration; and comparative regionalism. To what extent has the Eurocrisis confirmed, undermined, or reshaped theoretically grounded expectations in these fields? How has the crisis shifted problematics of research? What new puzzles and questions have come to the fore?
Gary Marks, UNC – Chapel Hill & VU Amsterdam
John D. Stephens, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Peter Katzenstein, Cornell University
The Implications of the Euro Crisis for Varieties of Capitalism
Peter A. Hall, Harvard University
The Political Economy of Inequality in Good and Bad Times
Jonas Pontusson, University of Geneva
Neofunctionalism, Intergovernmentalism, Postfunctionalism Face the Eurocrisis
Liesbet Hooghe, UNC – Chapel Hill & VU Amsterdam
Gary Marks, UNC – Chapel Hill & VU Amsterdam
How Technocratic Supranationalism Fuels Euroscepticism
Tanja A. Boerzel, Free University Berlin
Thomas Risse, Freie Universität Berlin
From the Editor
Jeffrey C. Isaac
In the beginning there was the American Political Science Review. The first issue of the APSR appeared in 1906—exactly 110 years ago. The early issues of the journal make interesting reading today. The journal was in so many ways very different, in format, style, and substance, than it is today. It contained articles and essays, book reviews, professional news, and also a special section called “Notes on Current Legislation.” In preparing to write this Introduction, I decided to peruse the journal’s first few issues, to see if any of the themes covered in this issue of Perspectives received any attention there.
Three items in the “Current Legislation” section of issue 3, published in May 1907, caught my eye. They are worth quoting:
“Labor of Women and Children. During the closing days of the last session, congress appropriated $150,000 for an investigation into the industrial, social, moral, educational, and physical conditions of woman and child workers in the United States. Special attention is to be given in this investigation to hours of labor, terms of employment, health, illiteracy, sanitary and other conditions surrounding their occupation, as well as the means employed for the protection of their health, person, and morals. The inquiry will be conducted under the supervision of the commissioner of labor (p. 450).”
“Workmen’s Compensation. In December, 1906, the British parliament passed an act to amend and consolidate the law of workmen’s compensation. The act extends the benefits of the law to over six million persons not included under the provisions of preceding acts (p. 467).”
“Social Democratic Program in the Wisconsin Legislature. It is frequently held that the socialists do not have a constructive program. The six social-democratic members of the State legislature of Wisconsin, however, have advanced about seventy carefully drawn measures, which indicate the lines along which they intend to carry out their ideas … It should be noted that some of the measures which the socialists have advanced heretofore, are now being taken up by representatives of other parties…
Perspectives on Politics / Volume 14 / Issue 02 / June 2016, pp 297-306 / Copyright © American Political Science Association 2016
Renzo Olivari is a junior at James Madison University, graduating in May 2017. He is a double major in political science and history, with a minor in political communications. In the 2015-2016 academic year, he was a fellow for the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, where he researched minorities’ representation in Congress. He also has worked for numerous political campaigns, following his interests in voter mobilization. His research interests include
minorities’ interactions with the political system, as well as campaigning tactics and voter turnout. He plans on attending graduate school to study political science.
The latest virtual issue of PS features articles written by alumni of the Congressional Fellowship Program (CFP) from 2010 to 2015. The CFP fellows serve yearlong placements in congressional and executive offices, and they chronicle their firsthand experiences in the pages of PS. Enjoy the full virtual issue here.
Sa-ngopkarn Moungthong, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Thailand
“As an Asia Foundation-sponsored Thai fellow with a Foreign Service background, the obvious choice for my fellowship was with a member of the House of Representatives or the Senate who was a member of either the House Foreign Affairs or the Senate Foreign Relations Committees, and in particular the Asia-Pacific Subcommittee. That had always been my choice. But during one of the APSA Congressional Fellowship orientation sessions, when former fellows shared their experiences on Capitol Hill, I was exposed to a new idea. “The fellowship is yours, and it is up to you to make of it what you will,” said one of the former fellows. “Get out of your comfort zone and try something new,” said another on the same speaking panel. Those comments kept running through my mind when I was selecting potential offices for my fellowship. During my office selection period, I had prepared a wish list of offices I would like to work for, including both those related to Foreign Affairs and the Foreign Relations Committee, as well as those I hardly knew anything about and that had no direct connection with foreign affairs, but could potentially be good offices in which to work. Thanks to sequestration’s reduction of congressionally authorized staff positions, I was fortunate to get six interviews, and three offices offered to host me. The choice I had to make was between staying in my comfort zone and going for something new. In the end, I chose the latter…” Read More.
- Read more Capitol Hill Insights in PS: Political Science & Politics.
- Learn more about the Congressional Fellowship Program.
PS: Political Science & Politics / Volume 47 / Issue 03 / July 2014, pp 764-766